Global mobile statistics 2013 Part B: Mobile Web; mobile broadband penetration; 3G/4G subscribers and networks.

October 2013: Put your mobile strategy on a sound footing with The essential mobile stats compendium. Active mobile-broadband subscriptions worldwide (UPDATED); top countries for mobile-broadband penetration, 3G and 4G subscriber numbers (NEW) and mobile Web users; mobile share of Web browsing v desktop browsing; Web-enabled mobile handsets; 3G and 4G networks; unlimited data plans; cost of mobile data.


FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND THE MOBILE STATS COMPENDIUM:
Home: Full index of contents and highlights • Section A: Mobile subscribers; handset share • Section B: Mobile Web; 3G • Section C: Mobile marketing, advertising and messaging • Section D: Consumer mobile behavior • Section E: Mobile apps, app stores • Section F: Mobile payment, NFC, m-commerce, m-ticketing and m-coupons • Section G: Mobile financial services (MFS) and m-banking • Section H: VC investment in mobile.

SECTION B: Mobile Web; users; 3G coverage

1) Active mobile-broadband subscriptions worldwide (UPDATED)
2) Top countries for mobile-broadband penetration 4G and 3G subs for USA • China • Japan etc (NEW)
3) Top countries for mobile Web users: China (NEW) • Japan (NEW)
4) Mobile browsing v desktop browsing
5) Most popular mobile browsers
6) Mobile-only Web users
7) Internet-ready mobile handsets
8) High-speed mobile networks
9) Unlimited data plans and cost of data
• 7, 8 and 9 are seen as the drivers of mobile Web and mobile media growth.

• If you use any of the stats, please remember to source and link to both the analysts and to mobiThinking. Please do not republish more than 5 percent of the content without seeking permission.
• Thanks to all the analysts, associations and regulators that continue to send us their research. Please keep us updated: editor(at)mobiThinking.com.
• Be the first to know when we add new stats: @mobithinking


Mobile broadband

There are 2.1 billion mobile Web users in the world.
According to estimates by The ITU (June, 2013), there are 2.1 billion active mobile-broadband subscriptions in the world (this is people with a 3G or 4G connection). That is 29.5 percent of the global population.
• Mobile-broadband subscriptions have grown 40 percent annually over the last three years.
• Mobile-broadband subscription outnumber fixed broadband subscriptions 3:1.
• In developed countries mobile-broadband users often also have access to a fixed-broadband connection, but in developing countries mobile broadband is often the only access method available to people.
Informa believes there were 1.9 billion 3G and 4G subscribers at the end of Q2 2013. See below for a breakdown of 3G/4G by country and definitions of 3G/4G.
Ericsson (June 2013) estimates that there were 1.7 billion global mobile broadband subscriptions at the end of Q1 2013. This is forecast to reach 7 billion in 2018. The mobile phone (smartphone) will continue to be the dominant mobile broadband access device.

Active mobile broadband subscriptions by region in 2012 and 2013
(all figures are estimates)
  Global Developed
nations
Developing
nations
Africa Arab
States
Asia & Pacific CIS Europe The Americas
Active mobile broadband subscriptions
2013 (millions)
2,096m 934m 1,162m 93m 71m 895m 129m 422m 460m
Per 100 people
2013
29.5% 74.8% 19.8% 10.9% 18.9% 22.4% 46.0% 67.5% 48.0%
Active mobile broadband subscriptions
2012 (millions)
1,556 788 768 60 53 625 101 314 377
Per 100 people
2012
22.1% 63.3% 13.3% 7.1% 14.3% 15.8% 36.0% 50.5% 39.8%
Source: International Telecommunication Union (February 2013)   via: mobiThinking

2) Top countries for mobile broadband

4G: USA is leading the world with 62.5 million subscribers to 4G networks, followed by Japan and South Korea. By market penetration the leaders are South Korea, Singapore and Japan, according to Informa (Q2 2013).
3G: China has the most 3G subscribers at 325.5 million, ahead of the USA and Japan. By market penetration the leaders are Italy, Japan and UK, according to Informa (Q2 2013).
• A 4G or fourth-generation network generally refers to an a high-speed mobile network based on LTE (Long Term Evolution) - more common – or WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access). 4G networks deliver data, such as Web pages, emails, music or video, much faster than 3G or UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) networks, which in turn were much faster than 2G GSM networks.
• The first 4G network was launched by TeliaSonera Sweden in December 2009, according to 4G Americas. While Sweden still leads Europe for 4G, rapid growth has led to USA, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Canada and Singapore overtaking Sweden.
• Price is key to 4G penetration – only two of the top 20 LTE operators charge a premium price for 4G, these are the Optus in Australia and EE in the UK. “Pricing 4G access the same as 3G has proved to be the most effective way to increase 4G subscription numbers. Operators that have done this have seen an increase in data usage, higher data revenues and a reduction in churn,” says Paul Lambert, Informa Telecoms & Media.

Global mobile 4G and 3G subscribers in Q2 2013: Informa
Country 4G subscribers
Q2 2013
4G Penetration Launch date   Country 3G subscribers
Q2 2013
3G Penetration
Global 126 million 1.77% Q4 2009   Global 1,750.3 million 24.55%
USA 62.5 million 19.61% Q4 2010   China 325.5 million 24%
Japan 26.1 million 20.67% Q4 2010   USA 225.0 million 70.6%
South Korea 23.0 million 47.17% Q3 2011   Japan 111.5 million 88.3%
Australia 3.9 million 16.76% Q3 2011   India 88.5 million 6.9%
Canada 2.3 million 6.7% Q3 2011   Brazil 77.2 million 38.6%
Singapore 1.2 million 22.9% Q2 2011   Italy 55.1 million 90.5%
Sweden 1.1 million 11.2% Q4 2009   Indonesia
46.1 million 18.7%
Russia 0.9 million 0.64% Q3 2012   UK 45.8 million 72.6%
Germany 0.9 million 1.06% Q4 2010   Turkey 45.7million 60.6%
UK 0.7 million 1.77% Q4 2012   Germany 45.1 million 55.1%
Source (4G/3G data): Paul Lambert, Informa (Q2 2013)
Source (launch dates): 4G Americas
  via: mobiThinking

3) Top countries for mobile Web users

3a) There are more mobile Internet users in China than any other country.
China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) estimates (July 2013): that there are now 464 million mobile Internet users (unfortunately the full report isn’t available in English yet). In February CNNIC said were 420 million mobile Internet users at the end of 2012.
• More Chinese people access the Internet with a mobile phone (CNNIC July: 78.5 percent; end 2012: 74.5 percent of all Internet users), than with a desktop PC (70.6 percent of all Internet users), according to CNNIC.
• If these stats are accurate, then China has lots more mobile Internet users than there are people in the US - the world’s third largest nation.
Analysys International estimates (July 2012): There were 450 million mobile Web users in China at the end of Q1 2012.
• The combined 3G user stats from China Mobile, China Unicom, China Telecom (August 2013) and suggest there are 359.9 million 3G users in China. While 3G isn’t essential for mobile Web access, it is the minimum requirement for high-speed mobile browsing.

Mobile subscribers in China by operator August 2013
Operator Subscribers 3G users
China Mobile 750.4 million 158.7 million
China Unicom 269.5 million 107.8 million
China Telecom 178.6 million 93.4 million
Total 1,198.5 million 359.9 million
Sources: China Mobile; China Unicom; China Telecom via: mobiThinking

Further reading:
• Section A: for all the latest mobile subscriber stats worldwide, including China etc.
• Mobile Web overtakes PC Web in China
• China: 1 billion mobile subscribers, 400 million mobile Web users and No1 smartphone market
• Why Asia will (continue to) dominate the mobile Web

3b) Four/fifths of Japanese people use the mobile Web, according to official stats.
• Japan has 134.8 million mobile subscribers (95 percent of the population), of these 107.5 million (79.7 percent of mobile users) are mobile Internet subscribers (TCA, September 2013).
• 99 percent of Japanese subscribers have a 3G handset (required for high-speed mobile). In February 2012 there were 120 million 3G handsets shared among 123 million mobile subscribers (Japan Statistics Bureau, March 2012)

3c) The percentage of people regularly accessing the mobile Web in Japan and urban China is more than double the US according to surveys by Forrester (June 2011)

Percentage of mobile subscribers accessing mobile Web at least monthly
Country Percentage Country Percentage
Japan 47% Hong Kong (China) 16%
Urban China 43% Europe 12%
United States 22% Urban India 8%
Source: Forrester (June 2011) via: mobiThinking

4) Mobile browsing v desktop browsing

In May 2012, 10.11 percent of Website hits/pageviews come from a handheld mobile device, according to StatCounter.
• Growth in mobile Web penetration is strongest in Asia and Africa, where PC penetration is lower.
• The worldwide leader for mobile pageviews by a considerable margin is Nokia, with 32.1% between its two operating systems Symbian (in sharp decline, reflecting falling market share) and Series 40 (which is growing fast).

Proportion of global Web pageviews from mobile devices, by region, in May 2011 and May 2012
  Global Africa Asia Europe North America Oceana South America
Mobile pageviews in May 2012 10.1% 12.9% 18.0% 5.1% 8.6% 7.5% 2.8%
Mobile pageviews in May 2011 5.8% 6.7% 8.3% 2.7% 7.8% 4.8%% 2.8%
Top mobile operating system for pageviews, by region, in May 2012
1 Android
23.8%
Symbian
45.6%
Symbian
33.3%
iOS
41.2%
iOS
47.2
iOS
70.5%
Android
24.9%
2 iOS
23.0%
Series 40
23.1%
Series 40
18.8%
Android
33.4%
Android
38.3%
Android
23.7%
Series 40
15.1%
3 Symbian
20.3%
Android
6.8%
Android
15.5%
BlackBerry
11.7%
BlackBerry
6.1%
Symbian
2.0%
iOS
13.6%
4 Series 40
11.8%
Samsung
4.6%
Samsung
12.4%
Symbian
5.63%
Windows
1.0%
Windows
0.8%
Symbian
13.6%
Source: StatCounter (May 2012)   via: mobiThinking


N.B. The above data is based on pageviews, the proportion of mobile visitors could be higher because the average mobile visitor surfs less than the average PC visitors. • More analysis here.

5) Most popular mobile browsers

The most popular browsers, determined by Web pages visited are Opera with 21.9 percent and Android with 21.1 percent, according to StatCounter (May 2012).

Source: StatCounter Global Stats - Mobile Browser Market Share

6) Mobile-only Web users

Many mobile Web users are mobile-only, i.e. they do not, or very rarely also use a desktop, laptop or tablet to access the Web, according to On Device Research.
• In many developing nations, the majority of mobile Web users are mobile-only, highest include Egypt at 70 percent and India at 59 percent. • In many developing nations, the mobile-only tend to be under 25.
• In developed nations, including the US at 25 percent, a large minority of mobile Web users are mobile-only. • In developed nations, in the US particularly, many mobile-only are older people and many come from lower income households
• In Africa the 85 percent of the mobile-only Web users access the Web with a feature phone. • In Africa the top mobile activities for mobile-only users are: downloading games (55 percent); downloading music (54 percent); social networking (52 percent); search (48 percent); email (46 percent).
• Many mobile-only Web users do not have a bank account, in India this is 57 percent of the mobile-only.
• mobiThinking note: The best thing about these stats is that they are generated by m-research. On Device Research has recruited panelists of 1,000+ panelists in each target country that answer questions on mobile via the mobile Web.

Further reading::

• Using mobile Web-based research to deliver insights into the mobile-only generation.
• Guide to m-research.

Percentage of mobile Web users who never or infrequently use the desktop Web
Country Percentage
mobile-only
Country Percentage
mobile-only
Egypt 70% Indonesia 44%
India 59% Thailand 32%
South Africa 57% China 30%
Ghana 55% US 25%
Kenya 54% UK 22%
Nigeria 50% Russia 19%
Source: On Device Research (December 2010) Survey group: 15,204 via: mobiThinking

6b) In Kenya, 99 percent of Internet connections are mobile. There are 6.5 million Internet subscriptions in total and 6.4 million of those are mobile. It should be noted that this isn’t just access via mobile phones, but also PCs via 3G modems. Mobile Web subscriptions are growing at 69 percent year-on-year. In a country where mobile phone subscriptions outnumber fixed lines 107:1, there can be little doubt that the future of Web is mobile. (CCK, July 2012).

Further reading::
• The insider’s guide to mobile Web and marketing in Kenya 2012.

7) Internet-ready mobile handsets

In 2011 over 85 percent of new handsets will be able to access the mobile Web. Today in US and Western Europe, 90 percent of mobile subscribers have an Internet-ready phone.
• There is a popular misconception that only smartphones can access the mobile Web. Fortunately this is far from the truth. Between 31 and 32 percent of handsets shipped in 2011 were smartphones (smartphone penetration will actually be lower than this), according to IDC, Strategy Analytics and Gartner
See: for all the latest mobile stats on mobile subscribers, handset and smartphone share.
Gartner (March 2010) predicts that in 2011, over 85 percent of handsets shipped globally will include some form of browser.
• In mature markets, such as Western Europe and Japan, approximately 60 percent of handsets shipped will be smartphones with sophisticated browsing capabilities.
• In mature markets, the mobile Web, along with associated Web adaptation tools, will be a leading technology for business to consumer (B2C) mobile applications through 2012, and should be part of every organization's B2C technology portfolio.
comScore (February 2011) estimates that 90 percent of mobile subscribers in US and Western Europe have a phone that can access the mobile Web. 48 percent of US and 61 percent of W. Europeans have a handset with an HTML browsers (this proportion is increasing fast), the rest have WAP browsers.
• ComScore notes that there are more than 60 different types/versions of mobile browser in use on mobile handsets. This makes mobile Web design more complicated than desktop Web design.
dotMobi (July 2011) – mobiThinking’s parent company – estimates that there are 6,500 distinct Web-capable mobile devices models out there – that’s ignoring devices that only vary in color or phones that have be renamed/relabeled by operators etc. The majority of these are not smartphones. The specifications/features of these devices vary massively, screen sizes particularly.
ABI Research (July 2011) predicts that 2.1 billion mobile devices will have HTML5 browsers by 2016 (up from 109 million in 2010). HTML5 will help to deliver a richer, more interactive mobile Web experience, including being able to play video without needing a plug such as the Adobe Flash Player.
mobiThinking note on smartphones and HTML browsers: just because people may be able to view your PC Website with a mobile device with an HTML browser, doesn’t mean it is a pleasant or fulfilling experience. However big the device’s screen is, viewing a PC Website requires scrolling left and right and up and down. Don’t forget that most web-enabled phones are not smartphones and have much smaller screens. However good the mobile connection, large images will be slow to load. Many technologies commonly used on PC sites, such as Flash, do not work, or work well, on many handsets, including Apple. What’s more, mobile users have different requirements from desktop Web users and provide different opportunities for your business.

• For more on HTML5 see these video interviews: Why HTML5 changes everything – Dimitrios Kontarinis, VP of innovation, Velti and Meeting the needs of mobile customers with mobile Web/HTML5 – Stephen Gates, Starwood Hotels
• For more on why your site needs to identify and react to mobile visitors see this Guide to device detection.

8) 3G or 4G network coverage

45 percent of the world’s population is now covered by a 3G mobile network (required for fast mobile Internet access), according to The ITU (2011).
• 3G networks are now been launched in 159 countries. Some countries such as Sweden, Norway, Ukraine and United States are already moving to 4G.
Ericsson (June 2012) forecasts that, by 2017, 85 percent of the world’s population will be covered by high-speed mobile networks. These networks will mostly be based on WCDMA/HSPA. LTE will be available at the high-end (led by deployments in the US, Korea, Japan and Western Europe).
• Almost 60 percent of operators plan to launch LTE-based services in 2012 (33.7 percent) or 2013 (24.9 percent), according to a survey of mobile operators by Informa (May 2012). LTE, sometimes called 4G (forth-generation), networks allow increased download and upload speeds and faster response times, in particular for data-intensive services such as video.
• The world’s largest LTE operators are Verizon Wireless (US), NTT DoCoMo (Japan) and AT&T (US), but lack of smartphone that support LTE, today, is preventing LTE becoming truly mass-market.
Strategy Analytics (May 2012) predicts that LTE will account 90 million mobile connections in 2012, led by US, South Korea and Japan. LTE will rise sharply to one billion connections by 2017, when it will comprise 15 percent of all mobile connections.

9) Cost of data and the unlimited data plans

9a) Mobile data usage is expected to grow 20-fold by 2017, as cost per megabyte continues to fall, according to Portio Research.

Cost per megabyte (MB) of mobile data (worldwide in US$)
v Monthly mobile data traffic per smartphone user (worldwide in MB).
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2015
Cost/MB (US$) 0.46 0.19 0.10 0.06 0.03 0.01
MB/month/smartphone 149.0 323.1 527.9 736.3 1,041.5 3,390.7
Source: Portio Research
via: mobiThinking


9b) More widespread availability of unlimited data plans has helped the US overtake and extend its lead in mobile media use (mobile Web, apps, content downloads etc) over Western Europe.
ComScore (Feb 2011) finds that where there are now 29 percent of US subscribers have unlimited plans, there are only 8 percent in the EU5 (UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain). ComScore does not provide comparable data for Japan, where mobile media penetration is 75 percent dwarfing both the US and EU5.
• But Infinita estimates that 75 percent of Japanese are on unlimited plans (it was first introduced in 2004), while over 95 percent have 3G handsets. In this Guide to Japan, Infinita states that penetration of unlimited data is the main reason mobile Web in Japan is so advanced.

Mobile Market Enablers in the U.S and W. Europe, Q4 2010, according to ComScore
Country Unlimited data plans Smartphone penetration 3G/4G handset ownership Mobile media usage
US 29% 27% 50% 47%
W.Europe (EU5) 8% 31.1% 47.1% 37%
Japan       75%
Source: ComScore (February 2011) Survey group: 27,000 via: mobiThinking


mobiThinking note: the sharp rise in data usage (often down to the activities of a minority of customers) and impact on network performance has led to network operators – such as AT&T – revising their policies on unlimited data contracts.



“We're also seeing a huge positive revenue impact from Mobile, which has grown 2.5 times in the last 12 months to a run rate of over $2.5 billion.” Larry Page, CEO, Google.
“Let's turn to mobile advertising. Larry mentioned $2.5 billion as a run rate. Our revenue growth continues to accelerate even in Mobile, driven primarily by mobile search… Many advertisers have greatly increased the size and frequency of their mobile campaigns. Mobile is becoming a must-have. This includes clients like InterContinental Hotels Group, which spans pretty much across our entire portfolio of properties, including Mobile search, Mobile GDN and AdMob.” Nikesh Arora, SVP, Google. Q3 2011 Earnings Call October, 2011

• There are 200 million mobile video playbacks every day on YouTube – YouTube internal data.


FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND THE MOBILE STATS COMPENDIUM:
Home: Full index of contents and highlights • Section A: Mobile subscribers; handset share • Section B: Mobile Web; 3G • Section C: Mobile marketing, advertising and messaging • Section D: Consumer mobile behavior • Section E: Mobile apps, app stores • Section F: Mobile payment, NFC, m-commerce, m-ticketing and m-coupons • Section G: Mobile financial services (MFS) and m-banking • Section H: VC investment in mobile.



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Ukraine still don't have mobile 3G, and of course is not moving to launch 4G. Moreover now in the world there are only 5 operators which do not have license for 3G operating, and 3 of them are in Ukraine. Sad but true.

@Jim Lucas – Thanks for pointing this out, we will alter this when we update the page.
@Mark W – We are unaware of that information being available – we wish it were.
@Tony – it’s hard enough getting reliable information on 3G subscriptions (outside China, most operators tend to be sketchy on how many 3G subscribers they have).

Out of the people who own 3G and 4G devices (i.e. Smartphones, Tablets), what percentage connects to the internet using 3G and 4G?

I have a question regarding this research. Is there a way to determine out of how many people that OWN a smartphone, actually have a data plan that they use.

Footnote in your global mobile stats 2012 reads: "mobiThinking note: Note the rather low estimate for China’s 3G subscribers. Up-to-date 3G subscriber numbers from China’s top three mobile operators below adds nearly 1 million to this number. It makes Informa/KPCA look a bit outdated."

SHould that be an additional 100 mm? The 3 carriers in the chart users add up to 159.3 mm.

Thanks in advance!

Regards,

JIm Lucas

This is a great page, thanks! Paolo

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